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We are a team of French attorneys and we can help the foreign investors with a wide range of legal issues, from opening a company to debt collection.

Law Firm in France

Law Firm in France

Updated on Thursday 23rd September 2021

Our attorneys in France work with numerous foreign clients and they are committed to providing high-quality services suited to every business need. Our law firm in France offers a wide range of legal services and our lawyers have expertise in multiple areas of law such as corporate law, public procurement law, criminal business law or industrial and labor relations. We can help support your French business, regardless of its size. Our lawyers in France are open to new horizons and we are constantly learning, developing and forming better relations with our clients.
 

Litigation lawyers in France

 
Our law firm in France will personalize the legal services they offer to the needs of our clients by offering them tailored solutions in accordance with the branch of the law they need help. When it comes to litigation cases, our lawyers in France can help in the following cases:
 
 
  1. business litigation which implies any type of corporate law case which needs attention;
  2. employment litigation – we can represent employers and employees in resolving various types of disputes;
  3. debt collection procedures which require a lot of time, unless legal assistance is asked for;
  4. contract disputes – there are various types of contractual disputes which can be handled by our team of lawyers;
  5. civil cases litigations which can include Family Law disputes and civil contract litigation.
 
 
Our lawyer in France is at your disposal with more information on the legal services we can offer.
 
There are three ways of settling a dispute in France:
 
  • litigation or court proceedings;
  • arbitration;
  • mediation.
While litigation implies a trial with one of the French court, the other two methods are used for amicably resolving disputes. Litigation, however, remains one of the most employed methods of resolving all types of disputes. Our litigation attorneys in France offer assistance in settling disputes in the court of law.
 
When it comes to arbitration, this method is usually used for resolving commercial disputes, because the procedure is less costly and lengthy. It also allows a higher degree of flexibility to the parties involved in the dispute. However, it is advisable to ask for legal advice before starting the arbitration process.
 
Mediation is another way of resolving litigation in France and it is mainly used in civil cases, such as divorce and child custody matters. Compared to arbitration where the case is handled by one or more arbitrators who collect evidence and offer a solution for the parties to reach an agreement, mediation is less formal and allow the parties a better communication through minimal intervention.
 

Assistance in debt collection offered by our lawyer in France

 
The debt recovery process in France can be very complicated unless handled by a specialized agency or a law firm. Our local lawyers can help local and foreign clients in recovering outstanding amounts of money from those unable to pay their debts. We will first try to recover a debt through the amicable procedure, by contacting the debtor and proposing them to repay the money in installments. Unless this procedure does not render the desired outcome, we can continue chasing the debt in one of the French courts of law. Do not hesitate to talk to us about any issue related to the recovery of debts. We invite you to watch a video about the services offered by our attorneys in France:
 
 

Why invest in France?

 
France is one of the leading members of the European Union, one of the most sought-after tourist destinations in the world and a country that has an enormously rich cultural heritage. The country has a high standard of living, good education, and healthcare. It is easy to say that France is one of the most important business destinations in Europe. More than half of the total number of foreign investors in France maintain a positive outlook and believe that the country is an attractive investment location. Some of the most important business activities include production and manufacturing, business services, research and development, customer services, logistics, and distribution. The branches and subsidiaries of many international companies are present on the French market.
 
Most investments projects in France are commenced by European investors and also by entrepreneurs from the United States, Germany, and the United Kingdom. The foreign companies that choose France as their base for a new business are also important job creators. The French workforce is another quality the country offers for its investors: highly trained and educated, French employees, specialize in numerous business fields.
 
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Open a company in France

 
According to a recent statistic released by the French government, approximately 19 companies choose France every week as their business and investment destination. Most foreign investors who take this important step will request the services of a law firm in France. A local expert is able to guide any investor through the company incorporation procedure and help him observe the country’s rules and regulations.The types of companies that can be incorporated by our lawyer in France are the following:
 
  • the corporation or public limited liability company, shortly known as the SA;
  • the private limited company, S.A.R.L., which is a preferred business form in France;
  • the simplified stock company, S.A.S., which is a simpler form of the public company;
  • partnership limited by shares, S.C.A. which requires at least two founding members;
  • the limited partnership, S.C.S in which one of the partners is fully liable for the business’ obligations, while the other has a limited liability.;
  • the general partnership, S.N.C., which also requires at least two founding members with a full liability to the business’ debts;
  • cooperative, which is governed by the French Civil Code and is very popular;
  • sole trader – the simplest form of starting a small business in France.
 
Each of these companies has particularities as well as advantages for certain types of business activities. Our lawyers in France can give you detailed information about each one and we can also help you know more about the legislation for hiring employees in France. Our law firm in France can provide advice and consultancy in all matters related to the labor and employment laws in France.
 
Our lawyers in France are able to assist you with drafting the articles of association, specimen signatures, affidavits, special forms provided by the French Trade Register, arranging public notary procedures and/or certified translations, offering a French Registered Office for your company, setting up a bank account for your French company. We also work with competent accountants who will provide you with all the services needed in this field. Our representatives can offer legal advice for all business types and commercial fields. Imports and exports are an important part of France’s economy and many foreign investors choose to open trade businesses. One of our lawyers can help you comply with all the regulations for this type of activities.
 

Types of entities under the French Commercial Code

 
One of the most important provisions of the Commercial Law in France refers to the type of legal entities natural persons can establish in this country. These are called traders and must have a registered address in France in order to carry out commercial activities. Also, they are subject to several requirements, among which they must keep accounts of all the undertaking carried out. Among the entities governed by the Commercial Law in France are:
  • cooperatives;
  • associations;
  • economic interest groups.
The law also stipulates that cooperative and associations can set up shops in France.
 

The Commercial Register in France

 
One of the most important chapters of the French Commercial Law refers to the creation of the Trade Register in which information about all the traders are kept. The following types of traders must register with the Commercial Registry in France:
 
  • natural persons conducting business activities as sole proprietorships;
  • companies with legal addresses in France;
  • economic interest groups with registered address in France;
  • foreign companies with at least one legal seat in France;
  • public companies in France;
  • representatives of foreign companies in France.
Our attorneys in France can offer information on the information stored by the Commercial Register in accordance with the law.
 

Other provisions of the Commercial Law in France

 
The Commercial Law also provides for the documents which must be filed with the Trade Register in order to start a business in France. These are the formation agreement, or the Memorandum, and the Articles of Association.  The latter must contain provisions about the shareholders and the shares held by them in the company. The Commercial Law also contains provisions related to the distribution of shares in case of alterations brought to the company’s capital. Bankruptcy procedures are also covered by the French Commercial Code.
 

Tax compliance in France

 
If you own a company in France or you work in the country, you will need to observe the rules and regulations for tax compliance. Our law firm in France offers professional advice for all matters related to taxation in the country as well as for any financial issue. We provide advice for companies for corporate tax compliance, VAT registration and requirements, and payroll services. Our accountants and business advisers can help you with tax minimization strategies and our experts will also be able to help you with personal income tax matters. By requesting our services, you can make sure that all your tax returns are filed on time and no penalties apply. 
 
France is one of the countries that has signed the most double tax treaties. Besides the already signed treaties, France has many other drafts prepared to be ratified. As a general rule, the double tax treaties deal with the taxation of capital and income in France for non-resident investors. The double tax treaties deal with earned income, passive income and gains from real property. Having this in mind, you can ask our law firm in France for a customized advice in accordance to your business sector.
 

Corporate restructuring services in France

 
French companies facing financial distress can benefit from guidance in reducing their costs so that they do not end up in bankruptcy. This procedure is known as corporate restructuring and can be used by any company in need of protecting its assets and business. You can rely on our lawyer in France for legal assistance when it comes to corporate restructuring or bankruptcy if the case requires it.
 
If you need legal services in other countries, we recommend our reliable teams, such as lawyers from Slovenia and company formation agents from Estonia
 

Company liquidation procedures in France

 
Our French lawyers can help foreign clients who want to close their businesses in this country. This procedure is called company liquidation and can be completed with the help of our law firm. We can help clients prepare the documents related to closing down the business and file them with the Trade Register. We can assist with voluntary and compulsory liquidation, by offering legal advice in accordance with the procedure and the requirements imposed by the law. 
 

Why work with our law firm in France?

 
Our lawyers in France are able to help you with any legal issue. We offer legal advice, assistance and legal representation in commercial and business litigations. Our lawyers in France can help you with commercial legal assistance, arbitration, mediation, and conciliation. The experts at our law firm provide services for drafting legal documents, such as contracts with French companies, or can help you conclude sale and purchase agreements. If you are interested in business opportunities in other European countries, such as Malta, our partner lawyers in this country can help you.
 
If you are living in France or plan to move there, our lawyers can help you deal with all the formalities for obtaining a work permit or even applying for a resident permit. Our experts in Family Law will be able to help you in various family matters, including divorce and marriage, minor’s custody, wills, and inheritance matters and many civil law issues.
 

What are the services offered by our law firm in France?

 
Our lawyers in France offer a wide range of services, among which the ones in the table below:
 
 Legal services in corporate matters 
 
 Legal assistance in civil matters 
 
 Legal assistance on taxation 
 
 Company formation
 
 Marriage registration
 Tax minimization solutions
 Assistance in drafting commercial contracts
 
 Divorce procedures
 Tax advice
 Business consulting
 
 Child custody
Assistance in double taxation matters
 
 

A short guide on French Courts

 
 
The French legal system is based on civil law and its roots can be traced back to the Roman law and the Civil Code drafted in 1804 by Napoleon I. The French judicial system is divided between inferior courts, intermediate appellate courts and courts of last resort. Our French lawyers can provide detailed information about specific laws and regulations and which court you should address, according to specific legal issues.
 
Ordinary courts in France handle criminal and civil litigation, while administrative courts handle complaints. Ordinary courts in France can have minor jurisdiction (the Police Court or the Civil Court) and major jurisdiction (the Criminal Court or Civil Court) or specialized jurisdiction (like the Labour Court).
 

Judicial organization in France

 
In the judicial branch, civil courts in France settle private disputes that arise between one or more individuals, such as divorce in France, inheritance rights, property rights. Criminal courts deal with criminal offences in France.
 
District courts in France are the first degree of jurisdiction (or minor jurisdiction) and they hear civil cases involving personal property claims less than 10,000 euro. The Police Court handles minor criminal offenses, contraventions, minor assaults or breaches of peace. Any claims that have a value higher than 10,000 euro are handled by a Regional Court.
 
Regional courts in France also have jurisdiction over divorce and paternity proof. Specialty first degree courts in France include juvenile courts, labour courts, commercial courts and agricultural and land tribunals. The assize court in France deals with serious crimes, while criminal courts have jurisdiction for intermediate offences (with a sentence of maximum ten years).
 
The courts of second instance in France hear appeals already issued by the courts of first instance. These courts specialize in all legal issues, including civil, social, commercial or criminal cases.
 
The Court of Cassation is the last degree court or the highest court in the French legal system. It is located in the Hall of Justice in Paris and it succeeds the Tribunal of Cassation dating back to 1790. The Court of Cassation does not judge cases, but verifies whether or not the applicable laws have been property enforced by the inferior courts.
 
Administrative courts in France judge administrative litigations. These courts settle disputed between public authorities and state owned companies or between public authorities and citizens. There are 35 administrative courts in France.
 
Please feel free to contact us for more information on our legal services in France. For our clients who need legal services in other countries, we recommend our experienced teams from other countries, such as Switzerland and Turkey or Avocati.co - a very good online resource.