French Civil Code

Civil Law in France

Updated on Saturday 17th December 2022

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The French Civil Law or Civil Code was enabled for the first time in 1804 by Napoleon Bonaparte and it became a model for civil codes in other countries. As one of the oldest civil laws in the world, the Civil Law in France underwent a lot of changes and it was modernized.  The French Civil Code covers Private Law, Family Law, Labor Law, Property Law and the Law of Obligation to name just a few aspects of its complexity.

The first book of the Civil Code in France

The first part of the Civil Law in France begins with a few general provisions and covers the civil rights of people, the French nationality, how it can be gained or lost and it continues with the civil status of persons. The first book of the Civil Code also contains provisions about marriage, marriage dissolution and its consequences. The Code also has provisions about the children and their relation with the parents and adoption.

The second book of the French Civil Law

The second part of the Civil Law in France is dedicated to the Property Law. It defines movable and immovable property and what ownership is. The Property Law also states what usufruct is and the servitudes and land services that come with properties.

The third part of the French Civil Code

The third book of the French Civil Law starts with the Law of Succession. It defines the notion of heirs and what their rights are in relation to a property. The third part also states how the partition of a property is done and what gifts and legacies are. This part of the Civil Law mentions the wills and their types. The following part of the Civil Code refers to the Law of Obligations and defines contract, the parties that can conclude a contract and their capacities and the subject of contracts. This chapter also contains provisions about the types of obligations, how they can come into effect and how they are extinguished. The third book of the French Civil Code also defines agreements in a non-written form.
The Labor Law is part of the third book of the French Civil Code and it defines the relations between employer and employees. The third book continues with provision about companies where partnerships and their structure are defined. The last parts of the Civil Code refer to loans, interests, conducting gambling activities, define arbitration and contain provisions about mortgages and debt recovery.
Buying a property in France enters the attention of our French lawyers with experience in the real estate field. The sale-purchase contract comprises information about the seller and the buyer, the property price, the description, and details about the acquisition. We mention that buying a house in this country cannot guarantee a residence permit or citizenship, therefore, buyers will have to consider the immigration formalities in this sense.
You can contact our law firm in France for details about the Civil Law.